The Berkshire was founded in 1928 when its two courses, the Red and Blue, were constructed by the Office of Crown Lands on estates once used by Queen Anne for her hunting parties in the 17th/18th century.
In the Club's original handbook of 1930, the famous golf writer Bernard Darwin wrote -
"The Courses were laid out by Mr Herbert Fowler, and I begin by taking off my hat to him with profound respect. He has laid out many fine courses in his time. He began by raising for himself a lasting monument in the Old Course at Walton Heath, which is still to my thinking unsurpassed as a real golfing battlefield for real golfers. Even so, I think Mr Fowler is a better golfing artist now than when he first exploited his genius on the big stretch of Walton heather. His art has mellowed with experience and has gained something in variety, in subtleness and in picturesqueness. Mr Fowler has made a very fine job if it and has added two courses to the select number of unquestionably first class inland Courses."
The Club has always had a special affinity with Amateur Golf, and it has hosted many major Amateur events over the years. Of special note are The English Amateur Championships, The British Seniors Open Championships, the English Ladies' Close Amateur Championships, The English Senior Ladies' Matchplay Championships, the Women's Home Internationals and the Vagliano Trophy played between Great Britain and Ireland versus The Continent of Europe.
The Club also hosts two important Amateur events annually, The Astor Salver for Ladies, which was first played in 1951, and The Berkshire Trophy for Gentlemen which started in 1946. Past winners of The Berkshire Trophy include Michael Bonallack, Peter Oosterhuis, Nick Faldo, Sandy Lyle and Ross Fisher.